It depends on what species is being farmed and how it’s farmed. In some cases, the farmed option is far better than the wild counterpart, such as mussels, clams, oysters and scallops.
Sustainable seafood can be defined as species that are caught or farmed in a way that ensures the long-term health and stability of that species, as well as the greater marine ecosystem. Ocean Wise defines sustainability based on four criteria. An Ocean Wise recommended species is:
Abundant and resilient to fishing pressures.
Well managed with a comprehensive management plan based on current research.
Harvested in a method that ensures limited bycatch on non-target and endangered species.
Harvested in ways that limit damage to marine or aquatic habitats and negative interactions with other species.
The sustainability of each species harvested for seafood is evaluated on an individual basis. We review the current scientific literature and speak with researchers from governmental and non-governmental organizations, academic researchers and researchers from Ocean Wise. Learn more about our Ocean Wise recommendations.